An Overview on Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Europe by Richard Öhlinger, Andreas Adler (auth.), Antonio Logrieco,

By Richard Öhlinger, Andreas Adler (auth.), Antonio Logrieco, Angelo Visconti (eds.)

The starting to be curiosity in future health dangers linked to toxigenic fungi and comparable mycotoxins has ended in the improvement of a couple of study initiatives up to now decade in numerous ecu nations and loads of info has been produced at the traditional prevalence of mycotoxins in crops, meals and feeds. the variations in environmental stipulations (temperature, mild, rainfall and so on. ) and in uncovered cultivated crops (type of cereals, cultivars and so forth. ) within the specified ecu nations have considerably stimulated the distribution of particular toxigenic fungi and similar mycotoxicological difficulties. moreover, biogeographically established lineages inside a few very important toxigenic fungi were lately came across, of reproductive isolation. Transglobal displaying a protracted evolutionary heritage transposition of plant items turns out to have considerably contributed to the spreading of toxigenic species and lineages world wide. consequently, the migration of agriculturally very important toxigenic fungi generated by means of exchange exchanges could characterize a massive resource of inoculum for brand spanking new plant ailments in Europe and for a much wider genetic variety of neighborhood populations. It used to be our objective to supply the reader with an replace of researches and surveys at the typical incidence of toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins played at a eu point over the last 5-10 years. The editors are super thankful to the EU-COST-835 "Agriculturally very important toxigenic fungi" for the monetary help that allowed a few eu scientists to fulfill numerous occasions during the last 5 years to collaborate and alternate information regarding learn advances on toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins.

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An Overview on Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Europe, 33-50. © 2004 Kluwer Academic Puhlishers. 34 MYCOTOXINS IN FOOD IN CROATIA especially ochratoxin A (OTA) as possible aetiological factor of endemic nephropathy. Occurrence of fungi and mycotoxins in different substrates (field and stored crops, dried meat products, animal feed) and air, mycotoxin residues in humans and animals, and toxigenic potential of fungal strains isolated over a past three decades in Croatia will be discussed in this review.

Toxigenic potential of these species will be discussed later. 36 MYCOTOXINS IN FOOD IN CROATIA 100 c::::::::J non-E _ 80 E 60 c~ 40 20 0 ... , S= ';:::S S= '".. c.. co0 'Es "~ 8"" 'Q. '" 0 0 '0 " U 0 " ::;:" ~:~ c: '" W Q. " S c.. § i . = ';: '" <; I- Figure 2. Mycological contamination of stored maize collected in the non-endemic (non-EN) and endemic (EN) regions over the period 1975-2001. c '0-... Q ~ :;c '"c.. < ... ::s... =" " "'" ::;: OJ " ~ 'Q. c " W u" U " '<;F. >, .. E = '"c.. E ~.. c Q.

Ochraceus strains ranging from 0,07 to 240 mg/kg 42 MYCOTOXINS IN FOOD IN CROATIA and/or mg/L. Maximum OTA-concentration produced strains isolated from dried meat products from endemic regions. Aflatoxin production was observed in 9,6% of strains from flavi-section (A. flavus, A. parasiticus), also isolated from dried meat products. Aspergillus flavus strains produced mainly AFBI with various levels of toxigenicity (0,09-240 mg/kg and/or mg/L). Among these isolates, some strains were able to produce both AFBI and AFG I (120-220 mg/L).

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