An Introduction to Chinese History and Culture by Qizhi Zhang (auth.)

By Qizhi Zhang (auth.)

This e-book breaks with conference and gives an outline of chinese language background within the kind of certain themes. those themes comprise the most important problems with “A medical method of the Origins of chinese language Civilization,” “Ancient chinese language Society and the swap of Dynasties,” “The Golden a long time of the Han, Tang and Qing Dynasties: a Comparative Analysis,” “Transportation platforms and Cultural communique in historical China,” “Ethnic family members in chinese language History,” “The structures of Politics, legislations and choosing officers in old China,” “Agriculture, Handicraft and trade in historic China,” “The army inspiration and army structures of old China,” “The wealthy and colourful Social existence in old China,” “The Evolution of old chinese language Thought,” “The Treasure residence of historic chinese language Literature and Art,” “The Emergence and development of historical chinese language Historiography,” “Reflection on historic chinese language technological know-how and Technology,” “New concerns within the glossy heritage of China,” and “A normal development to the Socialist Modernization of the People’s Republic of China.”

The ebook relies on present literature and examine through collage scholars. the trendy background part is comparatively concise, whereas the subjects with regards to old chinese language background are longer, reflecting the country’s wealthy background and corresponding wealth of fabrics. there's additionally an in-depth dialogue at the socialist modernization of the People’s Republic of China.

The booklet presents insights into chinese language historical past, permitting readers “to see the price of civilization via historical past; to work out the preciseness of historical past via civilization.” It makes a speciality of the social history, way of life and improvement tactics to demonstrate ideologies and ideas.

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Varying numbers of bodies of slaves have been found in each, ranging from one or two to dozens or even hundreds. In the Western Zhou Dynasty, society was still composed of the aristocracy, the plebeians, and the slaves, but it was also marked with the trait of hierarchy. The aristocracy of that time consisted of the king, princes, ministers, and others. The King of the Zhou Dynasty, also called “Son of Heaven” or “Son of God” (Tianzi), wielded supreme sovereign power on behalf of Heaven or God.

For further details of its composition, see Chap. 12 of this book. 16 The date of origin for the State of Yue is unknown, though it was conquered by the State of Chu in 334 BC and finally by the Qin in 222 BC. It encompassed portions of Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Jiangsu, having its capital at Kuaiji, just outside present-day Shaoxing. 3 Social Changes in the Spring and Autumn and the Warring States Periods 33 thoroughly. Neither the Qin nor the Chu had a rigorous patriarchal system. The State of Yan with its most traditional traits was ranked as the weakest of them all.

In 207 BC (the third year of Ershi), the Emperor blamed Zhao Gao, the prime minister at that time, for the rebellion in the east. In retaliation the minister arranged the emperor’s assassination at the hands of his trusted aides at Wangyi Palace, and he then declared of the emperor’s successor that “the noble man Ziying should be a king (Wang) rather than holding the empty title of emperor (Di)” (quoted from Records of the Grand Historian: Annals of Qin Shihuang – Shiji: Qin Shihuang Benji). For this reason, Ziying was deprived of the title of emperor and renamed “King of Qin” (Qin Wang).

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