Access to History. From Autocracy to Communism: Russia by Michael Lynch

By Michael Lynch

The Access to History sequence is the most well-liked and depended on sequence for AS- and A-level background scholars. the hot versions mix the entire strengths of this well-loved sequence with a brand new layout and contours that let all scholars entry to the content material and examine talents had to in achieving examination luck. This name attracts on content material from the bestselling titles Reaction and Revolution: Russia, 1894-1924 and Bolshevik and Stalinist Russia, 1918-56. it's been thoroughly revised and up-to-date to check the 2008 OCR AS specification and is now all for the interval from 1894 to 1941. It starts off with the placement in Russia lower than Tsar Nicholas II after which is going directly to learn the factors and results of the 1905 and 1917 revolutions, the Bolshevik fight to realize energy, and the eventual upward thrust of Stalin. The political, fiscal, and social advancements via this era and the consequences of those are explored and analyzed all through. through the e-book key dates, phrases, and concerns are highlighted, and old interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and figuring out of the interval, and exam-style questions and counsel written by means of an examiner for the OCR specification give you the chance to strengthen examination talents.

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Sample text

Key dates Although the mutiny was restricted to one ship, there is no doubt that the affair was deeply troubling to the Russian authorities. A government that cannot rely on the loyalty of its armed services, particularly in time of war, is in a very vulnerable position. The end of the Russo-Japanese War in August did little to ease the situation. Indeed, Witte feared that the returning troops would join the Revolution. If this happened, he said, ‘then everything would collapse’. Despite being the tsar’s most able minister (see page 13), Witte was not liked by Nicholas II, who found his reformist views far too progressive.

He says that there are convincing arguments on either side of the question as to whether Russia would have become a modern industrial state: If the growth rates characteristic of the period 1890–1913 for industry and agriculture were simply projected over the succeeding 50 years, no doubt citizens would be leading a reasonable existence. However, this assumes that the imperial authorities would have successfully made the adjustment necessary to govern in an orderly manner a rapidly developing and changing society.

The Sovereign Emperor ratifies the laws. No law can come into force without his approval. Key figure The lesson of the 1905 Revolution Peter Struve (1877–1944) A Russian writer and philosopher who moved away from his earlier radicalism to become a liberal and then a supporter of tsardom. What 1905 showed was that as long as the tsarist government kept its nerve and the army remained loyal, the forces of protest would find it very difficult to mount a serious challenge. The events of 1905 also raised questions about the extent to which the liberals wanted change in Russia.

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