By Ian D. Armour
A historical past of jap Europe 1740-1918: Empires, international locations and Modernisation presents a entire, authoritative account of the area in the course of a stricken interval that comprehensive with the 1st international warfare. Ian Armour makes a speciality of the 3 significant issues that experience outlined jap Europe within the glossy interval - empire, nationhood and modernisation - when chronologically tracing the emergence of jap Europe as a different notion and position. special insurance is given to the Habsburg, Ottoman, German and Russian Empires that struggled for dominance in this time.
In this fascinating re-creation, Ian Armour comprises findings from new learn into the character and origins of nationalism and the makes an attempt of supranational states to generate dynastic loyalties in addition to thoughts of empire. Armours insightful consultant to early jap Europe considers the $64000 figures and governments, analyses the numerous occasions and discusses the socio-economic and cultural advancements which are an important to a rounded knowing of the area in that era.
Features of this new version include:
- a completely up-to-date and enlarged bibliography and notes
- 8 beneficial maps
Read or Download A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation PDF
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Additional resources for A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation
4 Secondly, what passed for nationalism, to begin with, rested on an extremely narrow definition of what the nation was, or rather who belonged to it. The German philosopher Herder, already mentioned, whose writings on the subject of nationality were widely read in Eastern Europe, was much influenced by Jean-Jacques Rousseau and other representatives of what has been called 36 War, Enlightenment and Nationalism Romanticism. Such thinking constituted a reaction to the rationalism of the Enlightenment, stressing instead the diversity, the mystery, the irrationality even, of nature, including human nature.
Although the number of people in Eastern Europe who responded positively to revolutionary ideas was never very great, the effect of what little agitation there was on their rulers was to confirm in their minds the dangers, rather than the necessity, of further enlightened reform. The process of modernisation, where it had been undertaken at all, was abandoned for many years to come. Most explosive of all was the force of the French Republic’s example as the first explicitly mobilised nation, whose citizen armies rolled irresistibly across Europe, toppling monarchies and making the old regime everywhere tremble.
This is because the changes being attempted were on the whole ordained by rulers, without reference to any popular, representative institutions. At the same time the underlying assumption behind such changes was that they were in fact rational, that they would benefit not only the ruler but also his subjects. The overriding aim, in all cases, was nevertheless to enhance the efficiency of government and hence the viability of the state itself. Part of the difficulty in linking the Enlightenment to what was going on in Eastern Europe in this period, as well as in determining whether East European rulers were enlightened absolutists, is that there were different types of Enlightenment.